Diverticular bleeding can be diagnosed by ruling out associated causes of the bleeding. Have your doctor do a medical background check and routing physical check-up also along with some other tests. Medical procedure such as Colonoscopy inspects the entire large intestine (colon) using this long instrument that is also flexible with lighted viewing scope called “colonoscope”. This is one of the most utilized and useful tests to diagnosed the source of bleeding in your lower colon.
Your doctor might do this test called technetium-labeled red blood cell bleeding scan to find out where the source of bleeding is coming from. Blood samples will be taken from you and a small amount of radioactive material called technetium is mixed with your blood. Kind of like MRI where they send the blood back back to your system and trace the source bleeding.
Diverticular bleeding occurs when these pouches (diverticula) are inflamed and / or irritated or blocked. During bowel movement, diverticular bleeding causes a large amount of blood to appear in your stool. Bleeding starts suddenly and and are transitory in nature. It usually stops on its own. Abdominal pain at most times does not occur with the bleeding.
Should you see a large amount of blood in your stool, better see your doctor right away as possible to prevent the condition from worsening. It may be possible but not too common to quickly lose so much blood that might feel a little bit lightheaded or weak.
The symptoms of diverticulitis depend upon the inflammation present in your lower colon. You will notice that the most common symptom would be pain in the lower left side of your abdomen. Other possible symptoms include nausea and vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, and urinary symptoms.
Diverticulitis is defined into 2 forms, simple and complicated. Simple diverticulitis accounts for 75 percent of cases does not exhibit complications and typically responds to medical treatment without surgery. Complicated diverticulitis happens in 25 percent of most cases and usually requires surgery. The most common complications associated with diverticulitis include the following:
Abscess — a localized collection of pus Fistula — an abnormal tract between two organs that are not normally in communication with each other
Obstruction — a blockage of the colon
Less common complications include:
Peritonitis — infection involving the space around the abdominal organ Sepsis — overwhelming bodywide infection that can lead to failure of multiple organs
Blood is quite normal during bowel movement and this can be a sign of several conditions. Some of which are serious and require immediate treatment. Anyone who sees blood after a bowel movement should consult with their doctor to determine if further testing or evaluation are needed.
"About 10 percent of Americans over the age of 40 have diverticulosis. The condition becomes more common as people age. About half of all people over the age of 60 have diverticulosis."
A low-residue diet is recommended during the flare-up periods of diverticulitis to decrease bowel volume so that the infection can heal. An intake of less than 10 grams of fiber per day is generally considered a low residue diverticulitis diet. If you have been on a low-residue diet for an extended period of time, your doctor may recommend a daily multi-vitamin/mineral supplement.